Up to this point, you know how to wash your hair and you think you’re doing it right. It’s not that sophisticated, you wet your hair under the shower, you take the product, and you use it evenly all over your hair, rubbing it in; when it has lathered enough and you think it has removed all the dirt, you rinse it and remove all the product. That’s it? But what if we miss a small detail? Why does our hair look matted, dull, or frizzy if that shampoo my friend recommended seemed to be so perfect? Well, it looks like you’ve chosen the wrong shampoo, starting there.
Every hair is different, and we go back to what we’ve been repeating for a long time: The products that work for one person may not work for another. It’s a basic mantra and one that we’ve tried to teach every person who comes to us, but yet we continue to make mistakes that turn out to be fatal to the health of our scalp. We don’t all have the same hair, nor the same hair resistance, we don’t even have the same haircuts and we don’t even have the same bathing habits.
Sounds complicated, doesn’t it? But we’ll make it a little easier. First of all, we have to identify what type of hair we have, then from there what kind of problems our hair has, and then we can come up with an easy solution. So without further ado, let’s get started!
What hair types exist?
First and foremost, there’s a universal truth to be heard: Every hair type is unique and precious. The one you already have may look lifeless and dull, or maybe it looks like you’ll never be able to tame it; it may also take on a life of its own as soon as it touches a light cool breeze, or it may carry stereotypes far behind it of where it’s going. Nothing it shows to the world matters.
It can be sleek, wavy, thick as a rail, or perhaps as thin as a needle. It can be incredibly shiny or somewhat dull, none of it matters: It’s the best there is and you couldn’t have had any other because it’s what makes you incredibly spectacular. Don’t blame it for being what it is, and take the best care of it, it deserves it. It’s a characteristic one that no other person could have, it’s something original, whether you consider it bad or not. Accept it for what it is, natural or fully produced.
The shape or characteristics of your hair are defined by your DNA type or genetics, however, you want to look at it. Sure, I’m not saying you can’t edit it to your convenience based on chemical or thermal processes. But it will be constantly reappearing every time you finish the treatment. It can also tend to change if we take some specific medicine, or if we treat it in such a way, even the use of oral contraceptives makes it change its shape; but it will always be the same growth cycle.
- Straight hair:
It is the most flexible but does not have waves or any kind of relief on its own. It has a direct fall from the hair root to the length you decide to have, it is noteworthy that it is the type of hair that has more resistance in their hair strands and radiates more radiance in contact with light.
Well, it doesn’t resist much the tendency to waves or curly hair, but it is ideal for making high buns and braids look amazing on it. Hairstyles that fall straight down look gorgeous and have a unique movement among all hair types. Its categories are:
- Genre 1A: The mane here has a fine strand and no volume, it tends to be the most typical among the world genetics.
- Genus 1B: It has a little thickness, and the hair coming from the root has slightly more volume than the previous one.
- Genus 1C: This maintains a fairly strong strand and has great thickness. Therefore, it tends to get more frizz than the previous ones and tangle easily.
- Wavy hair:
Here we will find people with wavy hair or with pronounced waves. This is characterized by not forming curls, but going more relaxed through the hair. They have enough sebum naturally to not stay dry and be shiny. Their categories are:
- Gender 2A: Remember that expression that says “She has hair like a Californian surfer?”? This is what this type of hair refers to. It doesn’t develop frizz and is very tame but with subtle waves.
- Gender 2B: Here the expression does not apply, as we see the appearance of frizz, and our waves stay closer to the scalp, making a spiral shape almost from the beginning of the root.
- Gender 2C: Here we have more frizz than in the previous one, and the waves are totally adjusted to the scalp and are smaller. It is ideal for making updos since they get a lot of volume.
- Curly hair:
It is the second one that suffers the most from hair dryness; because it is not totally attached to the scalp, which causes the sebaceous glands to not be able to carry the necessary natural oils to the tip of the hair, something that is much easier in straight hair. Although it looks like a hard hair to have and resistant to changes, it is very sensitive and is very exposed to external attacks from our environment. Therefore its care is a little more exhaustive to keep it soft and shiny.
- Gender 3A: It is a mixed hair, as it may contain some wavy hair characteristics. Although they usually keep curls fixed and quite flexible. The disadvantage is that they lose their definition easily and are more prone to frizz, but they are easy to re-activate.
- Gender 3B: They maintain an even more defined curl and resemble an S. They are smaller and don’t radiate as much shine as wavy hair. They are large in volume and maintain a high and heavy thickness.
- Gender 3C: They are squarer, thicker, and smaller in shape. But still has large curls. It maintains high volume but contains a lot of frizz if not properly cared for.
- Afro hair:
Afro hair is no longer considered curly hair, but frizzy hair. This is due to the adaptation of our hair to arid climates. Since it makes it easier for air to pass through our head, and prevents us from getting heat stroke based on the high temperatures we can reach by keeping so much hair on our head.
- Genus 4A: Small curls. It is quite frizzy naturally and keeps a small thin strand. Due to its characteristics, it can shrink in itself up to 80% of its current size.
- Genus 4B: The waves are very small and tight, fall in a zigzag pattern and also collect up to 85%. It has little shine and does not have as much protection, so care must be taken when exposing it to ironing or drying.
- Gender 4C: No longer contains curls, it is simply frizzy hair. It has no protection at all against heat tools such as flat iron or blow dryer, and it is not very good at keeping humidity.
Choose your shampoo depending on your hair type
Now it’s the time! The moment of truth, are you ready? Here we go:
- Shampoo for dry hair:
This is very common in curly and afros hair, if this is your case you can opt for products that keep moisturizing and cream-like formulas. Since these will seek to put a layer on the hair strand providing nutrients more easily than a totally liquid, which will prevent it from breaking in half or the ends open frequently due to lack of moisture.
- Shampoo for oily hair:
Very common in semi-wavy and straight hair, the recommendation for this type of hair are shampoos that go deep into the scalp and disinfect the area of remaining sebum. Ingredients such as activated charcoal, lime, herbs, and others will prevent an exaggerated moisturizing effect since your problem is based on excessive sebum production.
- Shampoo for damaged hair:
Most of us, whatever our hair type, have gone through a stage where our hair has been damaged and mistreated. Not only because of heat tools or chemicals such as keratin creams, but even because of a day at the beach or direct sun exposure. Thanks to this common occurrence, we have shampoos that are composed of rejuvenating chemicals and contain multiple essential vitamins to keep our hair hydrated and healthy. A common alternative is sulfate-free shampoos, which indicate that they do not contain harmful chemicals for our hair, as well as baby shampoo. And they give us a barrier against dehydration, split ends, among other problems.
How do I know which shampoo is right for my hair on special occasions?
Take it to the hairdresser or be attentive to the changes that keep your hair, so you can identify the textures that have and you can choose the one that suits you based on what we explained above. From one that gives you more nutrients to one that moisturizes or keeps your hair soft.
For color-treated hair, it is necessary to use a specific shampoo. Because your hair’s properties will change with the bleaching, and coloring process. You should look for one that will help increase the life of your color and restore the nutrients and fibers lost when going through a harsh chemical process.
If you are prone to dandruff, or already have it, you need a shampoo that allows your hair to have sufficient defenses to remove the fungus. You can opt for one that contains selenium sulfide or tar among its components, as this helps to eradicate hair fungus quite effectively.
How to wash your hair properly?
Yes, because even that we do wrong. Even if the procedure looks easy, sometimes we make some mistakes that keep us away from having that perfect mane we dream of. So if you need to, let’s go through the steps and talk about the common mistakes we make:
- You use too much shampoo
This mistake is more common than we think, and the fact is that even with oily hair we need to keep track of the amount of shampoo we apply in the palm of our hand. It is something quite frequent in people who keep their hair long because they believe that the more, the better the cleanliness. But they don’t consider that 60% of the shampoo only stays on the scalp and doesn’t go to the lower part of the hair.
If your hair is still chewy or with a dry texture, it ironically means that we are applying too much shampoo for what we really need.
- You don’t go over it twice
If you feel like your hair might be dirty after shampooing too little, instead of pouring half the product on your head at once, you can divide it into two small batches to ensure the perfect wash. Sure, it’s going to take a little longer in the bathroom, but it’s better than nothing.
- You don’t finish rinsing well
Let’s face it, sometimes we get tired quickly when it comes to getting shampoo out of our hair. But well it is essential to remove the dirt that we can keep there, so doing it in hurry is not going to result in anything but shampoo buildup on our scalp and encouraging the appearance of fungi such as dandruff.
- It does not need to be applied to the hair longer than usual.
There is a myth that the shampoo, like the mask, needs more time on the scalp to act well and wash better. Clearly, this is false and only creates capillary problems. It is important to remember that shampoo is a product that works with negative ions, therefore its effectiveness is immediate when rubbing a little against the hair. Therefore, leaving it “Act” on the hair for a small period of time as we do with hair masks will only dehydrate our hair to a great extent.
- You insist on lathering
Our brain immediately links lather with the idea of cleansing, but it’s not really essential. If your shampoo doesn’t have the components that cause lather to be created, you shouldn’t throw it away because you think it’s not working. Lather, unless it is a specific shampoo, is not necessary to complete the cleansing of the hair.
- You rub the scalp too much
It’s fine to cleanse the area, but over-stimulating it is detrimental in the long run, especially if you have oily hair. This causes the sebaceous glands to increase their flow of natural oils into the scalp. There is also the possibility of irritating or damaging the scalp, altering the pH of our hair. What we should do is, with the fingertips, massage the area. Never tear, nail or scratch. Because the shampoo is in charge of sweeping the area of any impurities, and we will rinse it with water. Therefore it does not require a cranial excavation with our nails.
- You don’t moisturize it well
Sometimes things are so logical that they seem to need no explanation, but really, why does the shampoo have instructions? Not wetting the area properly can cause the acids in your hair along with the shampoo to damage the hair enamel. Before shampooing it is good to stay under the shower for a while so that our hair absorbs like a sponge the amount of water it needs before proceeding with the wash. Just like our skin and the soap when we apply it.