We have all suffered from this annoying disease. The dandruff is the flaking of the dermis of our head. It is a cut of the process of cellular renewal by things that cut the way, the main one is the dead skin of our scalp, which has been created in excess, therefore it has nowhere to store it. In addition to being an aesthetic problem, it is quite annoying as it tends to irritate the hair area.
It is quite common that we develop it in adolescence, and if we do not treat it, it tends to get worse and stay there for years. Although it is well said that he can reduce over the years, it is quite curious how it is linked to our growth cycle, isn’t it? If you have dandruff, or just want some extra information, keep reading!
How does this disease develop?
The main basis of dandruff has multiple influencing factors, so we don’t know exactly what causes this specific chance in the scalp, but as with everything, there are theories with a lot of buzz in science. We theorize that it is the fault of the fungus that is naturally present in our scalp, called pityrosporum ovale, which depending on environmental factors has a drastic change and begins to eat away layers of the dermis, causing the itching so annoying that it causes.
As we mentioned before, it is even more likely that this type of symptoms appear in younger people since it develops mostly with hormonal imbalances, which are quite common in adolescents. In addition to external psychological factors.
One of the theories also in force is that it can be caused by psoriasis, a dermal disease that promotes excessive sweating or excessive baiting of the scalp. Another disease that can lead to dandruff is seborrheic dermatitis, which also has to do with heavy flaking along the scalp but in a more intense way.
Cause of dandruff
We can take as a cause other diseases, as mentioned above, and also the way of eating has to do a lot in this area, since by the disappearance of certain food groups there may be a hormonal change sufficiently large to cause physical changes. Above all, vitamin deficiencies play a role.
Also, the use of overly aggressive products such as dyes or treatments such as perms or extreme straightening can promote the appearance of this problem. Therefore it is advisable to avoid as much as possible the constant use of these, and also shampoos that are not prescribed for your skin or hair type. This is a common factor for people with dandruff who, although they do not have any of these habits, keep a large amount of sebum on their head.
External factors, such as the places you are commonly in, can also encourage the appearance of dandruff. Depending on the humidity of the location, it can create an increase in the fungus or dandruff, causing products on the scalp. Avoid places that are either too wet or too dry, as both extremes can be detrimental to the scalp.
Psychological problems such as anxiety or depression are a fundamental cause of any hormonal increase and change in our body. So if you suffer from any of these or tend to be a very nervous person, chances of having a prolonged episode of dandruff are involved.
How the symptoms appear
The first and most noticeable symptom of dandruff is the obvious flaking of the scalp. As we explained before, this is due to an exaggerated increase of cell renewal in the dermis, which can end up in excess, and that in the ends, most of them die falling from their position, having the name of dandruff and being those small white layers that we can notice every time when we comb our hair. But although we say that it is the first symptom, it is not always like that. Therefore we must be attentive to others, among them the constant itching of the dermis, and also the capillary dryness. This is when you feel that your scalp lacks oil, shine, or color. Likewise, red areas in different parts of the head can be an early diagnosis of this disease. and even if they are not fundamental symptoms of dandruff, we must always be aware of other types of diseases or problems that can affect us and that are similar to dandruff.
Recommendations to prevent and control dandruff
Maintain daily hair hygiene:
If you need to wash your hair every day, a good tip is to rub it well with your fingertips so that all the remaining hair on the scalp can be removed. You can repeat this process three times in the same bath, and this will help the desquamation to go faster. However, you should avoid hurting the scalp as this will not help the recovery process.
Pay attention to the product guide and don’t go outside the guidelines:
Yes, sometimes it is important to read the instructions from time to time even if it seems stupid to do so, and it is important to follow the specifications prescribed there, as they can prevent external problems due to misuse. An example of this is that some of the hair products we use daily have different usage times or different places of use, but we use our own measure of what we think is necessary when really things should not be like that.
Keep an anti-dandruff shampoo in your bathroom and use it occasionally:
This is quite good as usually anti-dandruff shampoos are infrequently used and sometimes don’t have all the nutrients our hair needs, so giving it an extra shot of strength with regular shampoo and an anti-dandruff shampoo is ideal. This should change on a daily basis.
Dry your hair well after washing:
Humidity can be very bad for our hair, especially if we are people who generate a lot of hair oil. Therefore it is important to leave our hair loose and let it dry naturally or preferably with a hairdryer to speed up the process. It should be noted that it is important not to do it with cold air or too hot but at a normal temperature.
Treatment to combat dandruff
The main way to stop dandruff or simply alleviate the symptoms of itching in our head that still remains in a mild state is to use a specific shampoo for these cases where the accumulation of dead cells is constant. There are even natural medicated shampoos to help in this case. But if at any time this is not canceled with these small steps, you will need a stronger one and prescribed by your doctor to remove it in a prolonged way. We are going to share with you some of the shampoos that are usually sent for this type of treatment and their main characteristics.
Shampoos with zinc pyrithione:
They have a lot of antibacterial and antifungal components.
Coal tar-based shampoo:
This shampoo keeps at bay the production of skin cells in our hair that cause the main symptoms of dandruff, the only negative of this shampoo is that it keeps a large number of components that can discolor the scalp and make it a little more delicate. For its use, heat tools and sunlight directly on the scalp should be avoided at all costs.
Shampoos containing salicylic acid:
They are ideal for removing the remaining dead cells on our scalp.
Shampoos containing selenium sulfide:
It is similar to the tar-based shampoo, as it is a high antifungal quite effective, but you should read the specifications on the package and follow them to the letter. It is also likely to discolor our mane and keep the scalp sensitive throughout the treatment.
Shampoos with ketoconazole:
It is quite effective as an antifungal, and also helps to eliminate other types of negative fungi from your head that have nothing to do with dandruff, so it is multifunctional. You can alternate its use as it is quite effective, and every time the number of dandruff decreases, you can retire it. Although you have to be careful that it does not cause any type of allergy, so be attentive to what your body says.
Some home remedies we recommend to get rid of dandruff
Tea tree oil:
It is a cure that comes from many years of antiquity and is that the tree tea oil has incredible healing characteristics for skin diseases. It is an effective antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory, so foy dandruff is quite useful to use.
In fact, research has concluded that tree tea is one of the best options to use when treating seborrheic dermatitis that can lead to dandruff. Even shampoo with 7% tree oil content can reduce the amount of dandruff contained in a person with an average level of dandruff by 50%. This from another experimental study in which multiple people participated. In addition to alleviating external symptoms, such as itching. But there is a small problem and is that it is so strong that adding it directly would be quite aggressive for people who have rather a delicate dermis. So if you are not sure, consult a specialist in a main way, or dilute a few drops in water and then put it with an atomizer, or you can also put a few drops in your shampoo with a dropper.
On our page, we have talked a lot about its properties! It has so many benefits for our whole body that it is impossible to consider it for this top. Among the benefits of coconuts, we see the hydration and nourishment of the skin and hair. It is quite good as a natural moisturizer, so it can giht dry scalp.
Recent research found that this natural oil can help treat skin conditions, similar to dandruff. And even attack it directly. Comparing both mineral oil and coconut oil in different types of dermatitis that have as first symptoms characteristic of dandruff, this through applying it to multiple people. And more than 70% of them got a direct benefit from coconut oil in particular. So we can say that the properties of coconut oil are fundamental to stop the excessive itching caused by dandruff.
Aloe Vera Plant:
One of the most used plants in the pharmaceutical world, it has high medicinal properties. It is used to heal wounds, remove blemishes, moisturize the skin and relieve pain. It is even used in the treatment of dermatological herpes and high-grade burns. So it is not surprising that it is also useful in the treatment of dandruff.
A study from years ago that is still current states that aloe vera helps a lot with different species of fungi, so we can consider it as a natural anti-fungal. It can even directly attack the constant hair loss that can cause dandruff in more advanced stages. In addition to achieving areas that were affected by dandruff, by the constant itching that causes.
Learn to control stress:
Stress is something we cannot avoid, but it is just as bad as smoking and drinking alcohol on a daily basis. Its repercussions are both physical and mental and can range from small causes to major health problems. It is not directly linked to the appearance of dandruff, but it can be an aggravating factor in causing it, and even an influential factor in its appearance and in hair dryness. Therefore maintaining large amounts of physical stress for a long period of time can cause our immune system to lower its defenses and allow this type of disease to enter.
This causes various fungi to enter our body and stay since we do not have the necessary antibodies to fight them effectively. And this does not only include dandruff, but also different dermatological problems that have to do with excessive itching. We can try different techniques to keep stress at bay so that it does not affect us in our daily life in a direct way. Among them, we can find mindfulness, yoga, constant physical exercise as it releases large amounts of serotonin, and more things to practice.
Take apple cider vinegar once a day or apply it to your daily products:
Among the health products, it has been considered that apple cider vinegar can provide several benefits. Among these, we can observe that it increases insulin and increases weight loss.
It is also used in natural medicine to get rid of dandruff. Vinegar also has an acidity that allows the stimulation of the cells to avoid the desquamation that can occur in the dead skin cells on the scalp. It allows balancing the ph of the scalp, thus decreasing the increase of fungi that can produce dandruff. It should be emphasized that these benefits are only supported by popular opinion, as there is no scientific study that is responsible for verifying and compiling accurate evidence.
According to popular opinion, apple cider vinegar can bring great benefits to prevent the growth of different types of fungi in the scalp area. Now, if you want to apply this component to your shampoo to see if it is effective in your case, just apply a few tablespoons or apply it directly to your hair combined with other types of essential oils.
Put aspirin in your hair:
Salicylic acid is one of the main compounds found in aspirin that is responsible for its anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, salicylic acid is also found in many anti-dandruff shampoos. This helps to get rid of scaly skin and remove flakes. In one study, 19 people with dandruff used two shampoos, containing piroctone olamine, combined with salicylic acid or zinc pyrithione. Both shampoos were able to reduce dandruff after three weeks, but the shampoo containing salicylic acid was more effective in reducing the severity of flakes. Another study showed that a shampoo containing salicylic acid was equally effective as a prescription drug in treating seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. For an easy remedy, try crushing two aspirin tablets and adding the powder to your shampoo before washing your hair.
Increase your omega-3 intake:
Omega 3 provides a number of acids that are an essential part of the body, they can produce a membrane that surrounds cells and also play an important role in the functionality of the heart, lungs, and immune system. But not only this, the acids produced by omega 3 are an important factor for the health of the skin. They regulate the production of oils and hydration, improve the wound healing process and control premature aging.
The consequences of a deficiency in omega 3 and its acids can present various symptoms, such as dandruff, dry skin, or dry hair. Among its benefits, a good level of omega 3 helps to reduce inflammation, dandruff symptoms, and irritation that may occur. In the sea, we can find several fish that contain a large amount of omega 3 fat acids, such as salmon, mackerel, and trout. You can also get supplements such as fish oil which is rich in omega 3 or in food such as chia seeds walnuts or flaxseed. In general, they are also present in many nuts and dried fruits.
Eat more probiotics:
Not all bacteria are bad, in the case of probiotics, can be beneficial to your health. They can bring different benefits that can range from increased weight loss, controlling cholesterol levels, and preventing allergies. In addition, probiotics serve to improve immune function, which allows the body to fight possible fungal infections that occur in dandruff. It has even been proven that the consumption of probiotics significantly reduces the severity of dandruff in a total of 60 people in a period of 56 days. It has also been shown that this component can reduce the symptoms that can occur in the skin such as dermatitis and eczema. Especially in children and babies.
It is an easy to obtain supplement with the intention of allowing its application in a simple and fast way. These are fermented food where you can find supplements, such as Natto, tempeh, sauerkraut, Chinese cabbage, and kombucha. Although, care should be taken when ingesting these foods. Because of their high content of ferment can be harmful if eaten in large quantities.
Use baking soda:
This is a fairly common ingredient that is readily available in kitchens. Baking soda is considered an easy-to-apply remedy to help reduce dandruff. It is considered as an exfoliant that allows to gently removes dead cells on the scalp, thus allowing to reduce itching and flakes. It has an antifungal effect that is beneficial for the treatment of dandruff. Test tube studies have proven the antifungal effect that bicarbonate can have on some types of fungi that cause common skin infections. These studies have certified that fungal growth is reduced by 79% after 7 days of sampling.
In another experiment, 31 people with psoriasis were studied, here it was concluded that bathing with bicarbonate significantly reduces the itching and irritation that can occur. This after only three weeks of application. Within the treatments for different conditions such as atopic dermatitis, baking soda baths are recommended to help relieve itching.
If you want to improve the result when using this component, you can apply baking soda on wet hair massaging the scalp, stay with it for about two minutes, and after this time apply shampoo on the hair as usual.
And that’s it, we hope you find this information useful. There is nothing to be ashamed of as we can all go through an intense stage of dandruff, and most of the time it is not our fault. Just follow these steps we leave you here, and you will see how everything changes! The key to seeing a change is to maintain patience and consistency, as this type of thing should not be done just one. We recommend that you do one of these things at least three times a week to attack the fungus more aggressively and effectively. It can continue to grow if you do not attack it with a specific method.
If none of these tips work and your dandruff worsens, you should see a skin specialist urgently to prescribe medications that work for your specific case of dandruff. Because it can advance and become much more aggressive, to the point that it is impossible to hide it from other people and prevents you from performing your daily tasks, either because of itching, swelling, or simply because of the exaggerated amount that can come out of your head.
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